Understanding of proportions is among the foundations upon the foundation of all fine art. This is the reason why we will talk about the fundamentals of proportions in the drawing. Correct and precise proportions of the image suggest that the drawing is in complete agreement with the object depicted. This means that the more accurate you are able to find and communicate the proportions to drawing paper, the more authentic or convincing it will appear.


Be aware that all bodies, objects, and body parts must be measured, and then compared to one another in order to measure proportions as precisely as possible. To accurately determine the proportions of components in the image The artist should have not just a basic understanding of proportions however, they must also have a sharp eye. This skill can be quickly mastered during long exercises in the drawing.


It is important to remember that proportional laws have been in use since the time of antiquity. In fact, because of this information, gorgeous structures were constructed in ancient Greece and sculptures that we have come across were made like Doryphoros as well as Venus de Milo. You can measure the proportions with an ordinary pencil or brush, and hold them in a stretched hand. To help you determine the proportions by this method, close one eye, and then place your shoulder against your head. Using a pencil can also measure the quality of the corners as we mentioned in our article on perspectives.


Therefore, stretch your hands with a pencil, and then measure the portion of the drawing you require using the distance between the end of the pencil up to the thumb. Then, compare this portion of the image with other parts, slowly showing patterns of proportions. So, you have to find out which parts are comparable to one another and then gradually transfer shapes and pieces onto a piece of paper.



This means, for instance taking the pencil’s upper part of pencil towards the top border of your subject, and drawing that area’s bottom edge using the thumbnail. Additionally and without moving the body, and also using an outstretched arm, rotate the pencil to ensure that it is in a strictly horizontal position. So, measure how much the width of the pencil is greater than the height or reverse.



It is important to note that the pencil should be held in a straight line to the plane where the eyes of yours. When drawing it, we have to carefully apply all the proportions on paper so we can see the paper in front of us. Therefore, keeping the proportions of the drawing is to create a ratio of the value for all the parts of the subject totality within the chosen sheet layout.

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