Every artwork starts with the arrangement of objects on paper. The overall appearance of the work is based on how the items in the drawing are laid out.

This article is purely academic, and the team at will explain the definition of composition. We will also inform you of the fundamental techniques of composition, as well as the blunders that beginners make.

The primary function of composition is to put items and their parts in such a way that they form a single beautiful and expressive work.

Composition is a set of rules and methods for the arrangement of different parts in an artwork. The ability to precisely and clearly place the image in the format of a sheet is an essential ability for all artists. The ability to create compositions is also an art. It could also be said it is an artistic notion and structure for the work.

The principal goals in the composition are:

  • Bring the concept of a sketch or picture to the eye of the viewer.
  • Find ways to arrange objects harmoniously within an agreed-upon format.

Due to evolution, it’s innate in our eyes to be able to see and comprehend the world around us in terms of proportions. It is because, by nature, we are able to perceive beauty, we simply need to know how to apply it to an image on paper.

When working with composition, it is necessary to locate the composition within the context. The ability to do this can be developed through a variety of exercises. For instance, you could examine various objects and then compare them to one another. Draw them into the frame, and then mentally place them in different locations within the frame.

Furthermore, you can draw a spot or any other type of object and put it inside frames. Then, you can draw the frame and put an object in it. The frame needs to be depicted in line with what proportions are of the object that you insert into it.



When you are able to master these skills Once you have mastered these techniques, you can make the job more difficult on a “from simple to complex” concept by including two or more items in the composition. This will help you understand the basic principles of composition, and also create more complex items or plots to come in the near future. A well-designed composition will give the image a holistic and polished look, and bad compositions can degrade the look of a drawing that has been well-crafted.


Thus, every artwork starts by letting us approximate the size of objects and their locations on the paper. For instance, we’re planning to portray the beauty of a rose. We can make it appear large or small. It is also possible to place it at the center of the sheet or move it to any angle.


If there’s only one thing in the work and it’s not difficult to arrange it on paper, like in one of the examples by the artists of If there are more than two objects within the artwork it is important to arrange them properly and elegantly on paper, but also to make them appear harmoniously paired.

A very well-known compositional rule is that of thirds. This rule says required to think about dividing the page into 3 equal portions vertically and horizontally. Things that are situated on the points where they intersect the lines or along the lines appear in the drawing in a harmonious way.


When you are taking a portrait it is possible to put the eyes, head, or any other parts of the face onto the lines or intersections. When drawing a portrait it is possible to put the eyes, head, or other parts of the face onto the lines or intersections. When sketching landscapes, it’s recommended to put the horizon line along either of the horizontal lines on the grid.

The rule of three can also be utilized to convey the movement of an image. For this, you need to draw the character in any vertical line and make sure to leave space before him.

It is important to note that the object doesn’t need to be precisely in the intersections or lines. These are simply an example of where you can put the main object subject in the work.

Of course, aside from the rules of thirds, there’s a large variety of ways to portray the storyline in the artwork. For instance, you could show the subject in a precise manner at the center, placing the entire image in the center.

So, How to Create a Composition in the Drawing?

When you are creating a composition using drawings, you must:

1. Establish the goals and objectives.

2. Look at the subject and decide on the best point of perspective.

3. Calculate the size of the item and then position the paper in the correct way (vertically or horizontally).

4. Balance and place objects on paper.

5. Find the middle in the composition.

6. Draw the objects with consideration of the perspective in addition to the proportion.

7. Recognize and draw the number of objects by using shadows.

8. Complete and summarize the composition.

Determine the Objectives and Goals

Before beginning working on your drawing prior to beginning the drawing process, it is essential to decide on the meaning and the goals of the upcoming art. It is largely based on the ideas you have and the tasks you face in the present.

Look at the depicted object and decide on the viewpoint you would like to use.

Be sure to carefully study the subject or the plot. This is important to be able to grasp the nature, layout, and size of what you intend to draw. In the absence of this, you are at risk of making many mistakes during your drawing procedure.

Calculate the size of the item and then position the item correctly (vertically or horizontally)

The proper arrangement of the objects in the image is determined by the form of the objects and their dimensions. For instance, if we want to illustrate a standing vertical bottle and it’s ideal to pick a vertical layout of a piece of paper. If we are depicting an automobile, for instance, a car, for example, it is best to pick a horizontal layout of a piece of paper.

Balance and place objects on a piece of paper

Now it is time to put the object inside the paper. To ensure that you get the best estimate of the position of the objects within the art it is necessary to draw multiple sketches on a separate sheet. This will assist you in determining the best angles and the location for the object. Then, it’s essential to sketch all edges onto the paper. It is important that the edges must not be in contact with the sheet’s edges. Don’t leave too many blank areas on your sheet.

Find the central point of the composition

The composition’s center is the central point of the primary or the group of subjects shown on the paper. The visual center is the area that draws our interest when we look at the sketch. The compositional center does not always correspond to the center of vision; it’s dependent on the position of the primary subject around which the other subjects are organized in addition to the selection of the viewpoint.

Depict the Objects Taking Into Account Perspective and Proportion

In the past, we’ve already sketched lines of the objects. It’s now time to sketch the general contours and construct the most general shapes within the artwork. Additionally, we need to define the proportions of the objects and their position in space. It is essential to ensure that the objects are located at the proper distance from each and each other. It is essential not to make mistakes as in the future, the mistakes will be difficult to fix.

Identify and Depict the Volume of Objects Using Shadows

To determine the size of objects, it is necessary to first assess the contrasts between shadow and light. Then, it’s essential to determine the nature and the location where the semitones are located. The first step is to outline the position of the shadows. With the aid of hatching, start to smooth fill in the shadows. Following that, you will begin to draw semitones, as well as enhance the borders of shadows and shadows. It is recommended to draw hatching according to the form of the object as this gives you an opportunity to capture the volumetric form of the subject.

Summarize and Complete Work on the Composition

The final important step in creating a composition and making art. This is where you must put in all the final touches and provide the drawing with a full appearance. The volume, shadows, and lights must appear as perfect as you can.


To be more specific, in to help you simplify the process of composing, and to be able to see it more easily in real life you can create your own viewfinder. To create one, simply use a piece of cardboard or paper to cut out an arc on it in accordance with the proportions of the area that you intend to draw. Additionally, you could utilize the camera of a tablet or phone to accomplish the same thing.

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